“The Last Passover” – Mark 14:1-26
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It was our Lord Jesus' last Passover in Jerusalem.
It is our opportunity to remember His sacrifice and the salvation it provides.
1 Corinthians 11:23-27
"If you cut the Bible anywhere, it bleeds"
What he means is that all the Scripture points to Christ and the cross.
The Old Testament looks forward to the cross.
The New Testament looks backwards to the cross.
When a person comes to Christ, we baptize them.
Baptism speaks of the death of Christ.
"...as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death..."
By communion we proclaim, and identify, with His death:
"For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death..."
(1 Cor. 11:26a)
And look forward expectantly:
"...until He comes."
(1 Cor. 11:26b)
Baptism and communion, intimately tied together, the only two sacraments given by God's Holy Scripture to His Church.
"...Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread..."
* At this time in Jewish history, Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread had become synonymous. (Lk. 22:1)
* Nisan 10 - The selection of the Passover lamb.
* Nisan 14 - The Passover lamb was sacrificed.
* Nisan 15-21 - The week of Unleavened Bread.
* The significance of the "Passover Week" is found in Exodus 12:1-17.
"Not during The Feast..."
* Jerusalem's population increased to 2.5 mil. people during the festivals. (Flavius Josephus)
* A riot, always a danger during the feasts, often leading to many deaths by trampling.
"...at the house of Simon the Leper..."
* Ex-leper; lepers were not allowed inside. Jesus may have previously healed Simon. (Jn. 21:25)
"...a woman...an alabaster flask...oil of Spikenard..."
* "A woman" - Mary, sister of Martha and Lazarus, also of Bethany. (Jn. 12:3)
* "An alabaster flask" - A long necked bottle, hand carved from soft marble.
* Oil of Spikenard" - An expensive perfume extracted from a plant found only in India.
"...she broke the flask and poured it on His head..."
* A king was anointed in this manner:
Then he arose and went into the house. And he poured the oil on his head, and said to him, " Thus says the LORD God of Israel: 'I have anointed you king over the people of the LORD, over Israel.
(2 Kgs. 9:6)
Yeshua Hamashiach (Hb.)
Jesus the Messiah (Anointed One)
"...there were some who were indignant..."
* Led by Judas Iscariot. (Jn. 12:4-6)
"...why was this fragrant oil wasted?"
* "Wasted" - Wasted was also translated as perdition.
Jesus spoke this about Judas:
While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
"For it might have been sold for more than three hundred denarii and given to the poor." And they criticized her sharply.
*"Three hundred denarii" - A working man's wages for a full year.
*"Given to the poor" - Judas had no intention of giving it to the poor. He was a thief - "kleptes" (Gk.)
This he (Judas) said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and had the money box; and he used to take what was put in it.
"But Jesus said, "Let her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a good work for Me."
"...you have the poor with you always, and whenever you wish you may do them good..."
* Jesus quotes Deuteronomy 15:11.
Jesus was not saying to disregard the poor and the command of charity, He was reiterating the first priority of the "Royal Law:"
Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.' This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like it:'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets."
"...she has come beforehand to anoint My body for burial."
* Beforehand? Other Mary's would come to anoint after the Sabbath, but Christ had already risen. (Mk. 16:1-6)
"Assuredly, I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told as a memorial to her."
* We're preaching it today!
...and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
"Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests to betray Him to them."
"Judas Iscariot" - Judas - His name means "Praise."
- Iscariot - His town - "Ish" = man, "Kerioth" - A village 25 mi. south of Jerusalem.
"Yehuda Iskarioth" (Hb.) - Judas from the village of Kerioth.
* He was not a Galilean like the rest of the disciples.
"And when they heard it, they were glad..."
* They were relieved that there would be no riot during the feast. (Vs. 2)
"...and promised to give him money..."
* How much $$$? - Thirty pieces of silver, fulfilling prophecy (Zech. 11:12-13, Matt. 27:3-10)
"...conveniently betray Him..."
* Judas now understood that Jesus wasn't going to be the king he desired, instead He was going to His death! (Vs. 8)
* Judas betrayed Christ out of his disappointment and greed.
I wonder, do we betray Christ from our disappointments and greed?
"Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they killed the Passover lamb, His disciples said to Him, 'Where do You want us to go and prepare, that You may eat the Passover?'"
"And He sent out two of His disciples..."
* Peter and John. (Lk. 22:8)
"...a man...carrying a pitcher of water..."
* Carrying water was women's work, therefore, he was easy to spot.
"...the Teacher says..."
"...where is the guest room..."
* It was common for wealthy homeowners to house visiting rabbi's and their "disciples" during the festivals.
"...a large upper room..."
* Some scholars believe that this is the "upper room" where the disciples continued to meet after Christ's resurrection and ascension, and was also the home of Mary, John Mark’s mother. (Jn. 20:19, 26, Acts 1:13, 2:1, 12:12)
"...just as He had said to them..."
* Christ is a prophet! His word can be trusted!
"...in the evening..."
* 6 p.m. or the first "watch" the Hebrew day/date began in "the evening."
* This is also when the Passover Seder began and could go until 12 a.m. – The sixth "watch."
"...as they sat and ate..."
* "Sat" - Poor translation - better translated as "reclined," the Greek word "anakeimai."
* They "sat" not at a regular table, but at a "triclinium," a three sided, "U" shaped low table designed for eating while reclined on the floor.
"...one of you who eats with Me will betray Me."
* Scripture fulfilled:
"Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me."
* Christ fulfilled it:
Jesus answered them, "Did I not choose you, the twelve, and one of you is a devil?" He spoke of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, for it was he who would betray Him, being one of the twelve.
"And they began to be sorrowful, and to say to Him one by one, "Is it I?" And another said, "Is it I?"
* All the disciples questioned their own faith, and if they would betray Christ in the wrong circumstances.
* But Judas knew it was he. He had already been to the chief priests.
* Christ confirmed it:
Then Judas, who was betraying Him, answered and said, "Rabbi, is it I?" He said to him, "You have said it."
"...who dips with Me..."
* The broken bread was dipped in "charoset" (Hb.), then eaten, to remind the Jews of the mortar of slavery in Egypt.
"...woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed!"
* Unleavened - To symbolize the flight from Egypt.
"...blessed and broke it..."
"Baruch atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ho-olam hamotzi lechem min ha'aretz" (Hb.)
"Blessed art Thou, O LORD, our God, King of the universe, Who gives us the bread of the earth."
"...take eat, this is My body..."
"...who Himself bore our sins in His own body on the tree, that we, having died to sins, might live for righteousness--by whose stripes you were healed."
(1 Pet. 2:24)
"Then He took the cup..."
* The third cup in the Passover Seder, the Cup of Redemption.
"When He had given thanks..."
* "Given thanks" - Eucharistos (Gk.), Eucharist in Latin (The elements of communion).
* The blessing of the wine:
"Baruch atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha-olam, borei p'ri hagafen."
"Blessed art Thou, O LORD, King of the universe, Who gives us the fruit of the vine."
"This is My blood of the New Covenant..."
* The Old Covenant:
And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, "This is the blood of the covenant which the LORD has made with you according to all these words."
* The "New Covenant":
"Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah--"
"...which is shed for many."
* Christ is the Righteous Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world. (Jn. 1:29)
* Christ is He who deflected God's righteous wrath from deserving sinners back onto Himself:
And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world.
(1 Jn. 2:2)
"...because He poured out His soul unto death, and He was numbered with the transgressors, He bore the sins of many, and made intercession for the transgressors."
"Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."
* "Until that day" - The day of His second advent.
"When I drink it new in the kingdom of heaven" - At the marriage supper of "the Lamb."
"And when they had sung a hymn..."
* Psalm 118, the last hallel sung at the end of the Passover Seder.
Oh, give thanks to the LORD,
for He is good!
For His mercy endures forever.
Let Israel now say,
"His mercy endures forever."
Let those who fear the LORD now say,
"His mercy endures forever."
The LORD is on my side; I will not fear.
What can man do to me?
It is better to trust in the LORD Than to put confidence in man.
It is better to trust in the LORD
Than to put confidence in princes.
I will praise You,
For You have answered me,
And have become my salvation.
The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone.
This was the LORD's doing; It is marvelous in our eyes.
This is the day the LORD has made; We will rejoice and be glad in it.
Save now, I pray, O LORD;
O LORD, I pray, send now prosperity.
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD!
We have blessed you from the house of the LORD.
God is the LORD,
And He has given us light;
Bind the sacrifice with cords
to the horns of the altar.
You are my God, and I will praise You; You are my God, I will exalt You.
Oh, give thanks to the LORD, for He is good!
For His mercy endures forever.